Ethiopia’s Internal Conflict: Is there a Path to Peace?

Hifa Almutawa

Since 2020, the conflict in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region has been one of the most terrifying  and challenging the Horn of Africa has confronted in decades. It has been more than a year since  Ethiopia’s federal government, under the direction of the prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, launched  a military campaign against the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in Tigray. Moreover,  the two sides appear to have dug in, taking Ethiopia to the brink of collapse. Since late 2020, many  thousands of people have died, while others have been internally displaced or fled across the border  into neighboring Sudan. The United Nations Security Council and the United States have supported  efforts to resolve the conflict by supporting African Union-led mediation talks between Ethiopia’s  government and Tigrayan leaders. This commentary paper explores Ethiopia’s deadly internal  political conflict, how mediation talks offer a chance for peace in the region, and what strategies are  needed to ensure such a peace is successful and sustainable in the long term.